Five Functions of Cybersecurity

Regardless of the size and complexity of your IT organization, there are five functions that should be included in a cybersecurity strategy.


The businesses’ responsibility is to protect their customers from danger. It is of paramount importance for any business to have a secure environment for its customers, employees, and the company in general. Just like you would want an office or building that is safe, your online security should be a number one priority.

What can you expect to learn from this article?

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    Get insights into five functions of cyber security you must consider in order to protect your business and employees.

Prioritizing a safe online environment is especially relevant today. The COVID-19 pandemic speeding up the digitalization process and shifting the workforce to home has created new security complexities that require flexible, innovative solutions to secure this new digital reality. However, innovation comes with the risk of new and unforeseen breaches.

The cybersecurity of businesses fulfills the fundamental role of securing your company's assets.

Thus, good security specialists prevent breaches, they best ensure seamless business continuity when incidents happen.

The fact is that breaches are inevitable. By treating security as an integral part of your business life cycle strategy, you can identify, protect, detect, respond – and most importantly – be able to recover at speed and scale…

The Five Functions

Identifying cybersecurity risk to systems, people, assets, data, and capabilities. Understanding the business context, the resources that support critical functions, and the related cybersecurity risks enables an organization to focus and prioritize its efforts, consistent with its risk management strategy and business needs.

Protecting by outlining the appropriate safeguards to ensure delivery of critical infrastructure services. The Protect Function supports the ability to limit or contain the impact of a potential cybersecurity event.

Detecting the appropriate activities to recognize the occurrence of a cybersecurity event. The Detect Function enables timely discovery of cybersecurity events.

Responding by including appropriate activities to take action regarding a detected cybersecurity incident. The Respond Function supports the ability to contain the impact of a potential cybersecurity incident.

Recovering with appropriate activities to maintain plans for resilience and restore any capabilities or services that have been impaired due to a cybersecurity incident. The Recover Function supports timely recovery to normal operations to reduce the impact of a cybersecurity incident.(Source: NIST)

We encourage you to read our Executive Brief on this topic, which you can find here.

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